Wind energy is the energy generated from the air. Wind energy is a renewable source of energy. Wind mills are applied in windy places to create wind energy, by which the kinetic energy of the air is converted into mechanical energy.
This mechanical energy can be converted into electrical energy with the help of the generator. Wind mills have been used for centuries, but for the generation of electricity it has been developed in the last century.
By the way, there are many types of wind mill, but the ones which are most prevalent, there is a cylinder located on the upper part of a huge pillar, with 20 to 30 feet long and 3 to 4 feet wide fans on their mouth. These fans start roaming when the wind moves. The energy generated from this is converted into electricity by the generator.
Significantly, there is so much wind energy in our atmosphere which can generate five times more electricity than the current electricity consumption of the world. In 2008, 1.5 percent of the world’s total electricity consumption was born from wind energy. But this is progressing rapidly in this direction and large-scale wind farms are being created.
India has the potential to generate 9587.14 Mw of wind power in the current time and by 2012 it will be increased by 6000 Mw.
The clean, polluting, non-renewable source of wind power is available, the forest or the air is readily available and is never ending, whereas the fossil fuel is limited. Wind is available for free and abundant, it is easily obtainable, is not going to end and its supply is also uninterrupted. There is no monopoly on any country or commercial establishment on wind or wind, as with fossil fuels such as oil, gas, or nuclear fuels such as uranium etc.
At the same time there are some problems related to air as it is expensive, it is dependent on the flowing of the air, hence it is not always available, it requires open grounds, sea edges or high places where the flow of air is high.
Importance of wind energy –
(I) Wind is a renewable source
(II) It is available for free
(III) It is available in open quantity
(IV) is a cheap and reliable source for obtaining wind energy
(V) There is no pollution to obtain or move wind energy
Read Also : – Wind energy pros and cons
Disadvantages of wind energy –
(I) In order to achieve this source, we have to choose the appropriate places which have to be done in the open spaces away from the cities
(II) Changes in air velocity are harmful for this process
(III) In this process, batteries are used which promote pollution.
Anemometer is an instrument that helps us to measure the speed and direction of the air. Anemometer helps to gather information on a large scale weather. Anemometer is derived from the Greek word anemos. The animeometer was first described by Leon Battista Allerty in 1450.
In 846, Robinson had composed the new anemometer, in a simple anemometer, three or four or conical cutouts are used. This is cutieria is placed on two vertical rod corners, on the floor column of these vertical rods is applied in such a way that the floor of the rod In the horizon of the horizontal column and rods, a direction indicator is also applied which gives knowledge of the direction of air, the vertical rods in the anemometer are related to an electric current.
The rotor is done when the velocity of wind velocity spins the Katorea when an electric current is generated in the generator, an ampere meter is placed at the bottom of the anemometer which is connected to the electric current. Measures with Hours of Horoscope
Wind mill is a machine that generates electrical energy with the energy of the flow of air, it turns the linear motion of the wind into the optical speed of the wings, using the wind mill to obtain electrical energy, to raise water above the water surface, etc.
The Pawan Chakkiya is mounted on open grounds and hills where the velocity of the wind is greater, the name or shape of the windmills which take place at every place are in the air. Depending It can cause wind turbine power running
India currently has the capacity to generate 9587.14 Mw of wind energy and by 2012 it will be increased by 6000 Mw.
Parts and operating systems of wind mill –
The tower is an important part of the wind mill that holds a windmill from the bottom of the earth at a fixed height and at the height of the air. The rotor is placed at the top end of the tower, the tower is a 4-frame structure, whose width decreases with height It is slightly cemented firmly in the ground floor so that the wind mill can not be rigged by heavy wind speed.
The rotor is an important part of the wind mill, which rotates at the velocity of the wind, the generator of the rotor wind mill is connected to the soft wings on the rotor, which help in accumulating energy by roaming the air.
(III) Fans (Blades)
The fans play an important role in the wind mill, these are curved shapes and the wind is deflected by colliding with them, so that it starts to rotate. Depending on the work used, the amount of wings in wind mills is known in the smallest windmill This quantity is up to 2-12.
Some expensive wind mills have brakes which help in preventing the mill in an emergency
(V) Gear Box
In many windmills many times the gear box is used to increase the speed of the mill, due to the heavy price and maintenance costs of these Gere Boxes, most of the engineering gear boxes are not allowed to be used.
This is the part of the wind mill that helps in getting electricity, the change of energy is due to this part
Where wind mills are used for lifting water, the pump is used in this system, a pistol-related rotor related system is used which helps in the evacuation of water.