Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
Budget:- 50 thousand crore
The beginning of the scheme:- July 1, 2015
What is Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)?
With the aim of reducing the dependence of farming on the monsoon, the government has approved the Prime Minister’s Agricultural Irrigation Scheme for watering every farm. In this scheme, the three ministries, namely water resources, river development and Ganga revival ministry, Ministry of Rural Development and various water conservation, storage and ground water enrichment and water distribution related works of the Ministry of Agriculture have been consolidated.
For this scheme, 50000 crore has been allocated for the next five years and for this financial year (2015-16), allocation of Rs. 5300 crore has been made in this scheme. Considering the use and utilization of funds by the States, year-wise usage and total allocated funds can also be extended for this program, so that every farm has water and every drop, more crop production as well as food safety of the whole country.
What is the main purpose of this scheme?
Despite the efforts of the past several decades, the majority of agricultural land is rain-fed. In the absence of rain, the farmers are facing incomplete conditions. Keeping this problem in mind, “Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana” has been approved, whose main purpose is to prepare irrigation schemes at sub-district/district level and state level, to water the fields, to expand agricultural land, to ensure proper irrigation management, Recharge of reservoirs, continuous water conservation system, along with circulation, ground water generation, use of water drops, and crops as per the water availability. Selection and implementation of modern irrigation system, drip and sprinkler program.
Programs to achieve the objectives of the scheme and what is the amount of funds for this?
Various programs are running mainly by the three ministries, namely :-
Ganga Revival Ministry
Ministry of Rural Development and participation of the Ministry of Agriculture for the achievement of the objectives of the scheme.
The Ministry of Rural Development will mainly implement small ponds, water harvesting structures for soil and water conservation along with the construction of small dams.
Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Revival will complete the program of accelerated irrigation benefits along with the development of the protected water to the fields, etc., in a time bound manner. Under this, construction of water bodies at low level, lift irrigation scheme in rivers, water distribution network and repairs, restoration and creation of available water bodies will be done mainly. For these works, a sum of rupees 2000 crores has been made available for the year 2015-16.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, Agriculture and Cooperatives, Rain Water Conservation, water drift control work, according to water availability, crop production, agriculture forestry, grassland development along with various programs of agricultural livelihood will also be run.
Micro Irrigation Scheme (drip, sprinkler, etc.) will be used for irrigation of various crops to increase water use efficiency. An amount of Rs. 1800 crores has been allocated for the year 2015-16 to run all these programs.
What will be the role of the Hon’ble Parliament member and local MLA in the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana?
While preparing the district irrigation scheme, suggestions of the Honorable Members of Parliament, local MLAs will be taken and will be included in the District Irrigation Project. While finalizing this district level project, the useful suggestions of local parliament member will be given priority.
This is the mission of the scheme that all resources of the country can be utilized properly, which will benefit the people of the country. Modi ji, like his other plans, is also aiming for the development of the people of the country and the country.
The features of this scheme are as follows:
The main goal of the agricultural irrigation scheme is to attract investment in the irrigation department. By which agricultural land could be expanded and good crop may be acquired.
The government wants that this scheme should expand the land for cultivation, it can only happen if irrigation facility is available to the farmers.
Through this scheme, the Government will take care of the fact that the use of water in the country is properly utilized for the right thing and at the same time there is minimal waste of water. They want the farmers to be encouraged and know the importance of water.
It is also being tried by this scheme that learn how to reuse muncipality of waste water for irrigation. It will also save water and also get adequate water for the crop.
This scheme is being run by the Central Government through the Ministry of Inter-Governmental National Steering Committee (NSC). The entire responsibility of management will be on the same.
Purpose of this scheme is to ensure proper management and maintenance of water in the agriculture department.
This scheme has been kept under the National Irrigation Project. Initially the work started in the same scheme.
Prime Minister Agriculture Planning wants to provide better irrigation facilities in the Agriculture Department. A tag line is attached to this scheme, it is ‘Water in every farm’. Which means that every farm in the country should be provided water. The main goal of this point is to get more crop every day.
This scheme will also run other agricultural related programs for the farmers, so that farmers can be told about new equipment, fertilizers and other information related to agriculture.
The main functions to be undertaken under this scheme
The management and allocation of water will be given mainly attention. The main areas of agriculture such as water tanks, dongs, eri, uranis, khals etc. will be developed and storage of water and reservoirs will be developed to promote irrigation.
Water sources will be made near land of cultivation or it will be raised.
Farmers will be taught how rain water is collected and how to use it for irrigation. This will help farmers to get more water for irrigation. This kind of other new thinking will be encouraged and given to the people of agriculture, it will be given full information, so that they will be able to produce more crop and will not be dependent on monsoon for irrigation.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana by the states –
The central government has joined hands with the state government for the Prime Minister’s Agriculture Irrigation Scheme. Both will work together in this. State Agriculture Department will work under this scheme within their respective state and the full information about this matter will be with the Central Government too.
The central government has said that all states have to give separate funds for this scheme. If the state wants to use irrigation facility in this state by using this fund, then he will have to first plan irrigation at the district level. They have to show this irrigation scheme to the central government.
Apart from this, the state will have to explain with full detail how they will work on this scheme and for better farming they will be able to do this. After all these procedures, the state will be given funds under this scheme.
Expenditure on Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
PMKSY will work in collaboration with the schemes of Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program, Development of Rivers, Ganga Protection Scheme etc. Under this, 50 thousand crore rupees will be spent in the first five years. 75% of all the states in the country will be given the expenditure, 25% of the expenditure will be borne by the state government itself.
The State Government will be required to spend additional in addition to the amount given by the Central Government, so that development works can be done well. In the North East states of the country’s high altitude, the Central Government will spend 90% of the cost under this scheme, that state will have to bear only 10%.
It is being said that this scheme will benefit many farmers of India. There are many farmers in the country who leave farming because they do not get enough water for irrigation. But through this scheme, the Central and the State Government will open new ways of farming, as well as provide better irrigation facilities.