Poultry farming is the process of raising various types of birds such as chickens, ducks, turkeys, peigon and geese for the meat or eggs purpose for food.
The life span of a healthy chicken is 8 to 12 years. Obviously, there are big exceptions in relation to these age limits. Chickens start laying eggs for 5-6 months and lay eggs till the last time of their life. However, most chickens stop the eggs at a good rate when they are 3 years old. In the first year of his life, most chickens give 180-270 eggs annually.
While building poultry in their courtyard, the construction of their houses is very important. To follow healthy and developed chickens, you need clean, warm, well-ventilated and well-ordered chickens so that the chickens can give good quality eggs. Before bringing chickens to your courtyard. You also need a ground, so that your chickens can move around in search of their natural food (fodder, insects, insects).
As far as the river comes, it will serve as a shelter and save your chickens from cold, excessive heat, sunlight and various predators. If you have a large number of diverse four-bed rooms and the temperature is normal throughout the year, then the chickens will only use dart to give gold and eggs.
If the chickens are not open to grazing in the field, then you will need a higher rate to keep them in the most part of the day. In all cases, it is beneficial to have a big fan and at least 2 hot lamps for every 4 chickens in the rug. Light is considered to increase the ability to lay eggs. There are many experienced farmers who collect hundreds of eggs every day without artificial light, but artificial lighting can be helpful for the average poultry parents.
It is also necessary to make grass, pallet, sand and / or shredded wood bed inside the dirt. Bedding is important for many reasons and because of this it is easier to clean the poultry waste. Many farmers also keep nesting boxes inside the courtyard so that the chickens get a safe and proper place to give their eggs.
Chicken selection for Poultry Farming
Buy chicks from one day to 6 months, when they are ready to lay eggs. However, if you do not have any experience of poultry, it is advisable to start with buying chickens for 4-5 months because the chicks need special care, management and experience so that they can be kept alive. The chances of chicks being killed more often when they are being run by inexperienced farmers are more likely.
While shopping for cattle, we should never trust the unknown vendors, because the spread of any potential disease caused by them can ruin the entire farm. Before buying, we should first always check the seller’s reputation.
Selection of chickens for eggs – Breeds of egg-poultry
When it comes to laying eggs, remember this equation: Genetics + Environment = Success. That is, breed plays an important role in the amount of egg distribution. Due to stressful conditions (weather, etc.) some breeds can perform very well in one area, but in the second, many useless Nevertheless, there are many breeds that perform well in any average environment.
Before buying the chick, ask your salesperson about other people in your area who have bought the same breed and what their average egg production is. The most famous breed of egg-laying chickens is Rhode Island Red. This breed gives an average of 240 eggs a year.
Selection of chickens for meat – Breed of chicken poultry
In poultry farming, to maintain chickens for meat, you need a poultry and an egg poultry in your courtyard. Keeping the cock can be difficult for many reasons. First of all, you have to find out whether it is legal to keep a cock in your area. Secondly, you have to report your decision to your neighbors because noise can be a problem.
However, on the right and the proper level, after feeding poultry for meat, it can quickly become a source of fresh meat and income. Rapidly growing breeds of meat poultry can get their last and right weight in less than two months. The Corniche cross is the most famous breed of meat poultry.
Feed Chickens in Poultry Farming
As with many cattle classes, here also the debate of “food vs. professional food” continues. Proponents of “fodder” claim that fodder made from insects, insects, sand and small stones is a natural diet of chickens, in which they contain all the things that they find themselves instead of serving it on a plate and looking for itself.
Wandering and finding food is very important and is highly related to the health of chickens. In the fodder we include a wide range of plants: grass, dough, alfalfa (medicago sativ), cassini, legumes, brassica etc. Variety of fodder is related to the quality of foods consumed in that area (the more the variety of food – the better it is).
Many chicken spinners support this fact that if there is sufficient quantity of fodder in the field throughout the year, then the chickens do not have to give anything besides fodder, pallet and corn grains to eat.
Many farmers use frames of chickens because they can be replaced with fresh grass easily and easily in chickens. The frames of chickens are in fact boards that are protected from wired cloth. Chickens can eat the upper part of the stem, while the roots of the plants are safe so that the plants can grow again in few days.
But, it is not safe to let your chickens eat any unknown plants. While following the poultry, you are advised to remove any nightshade plant (tomato, potato, eggplant etc.) from your farm.
Although the farm with abundant and varied vegetation is a great source of food, keep in mind that during the cold days of winter, it is very likely that most of the time the chickens will not get out of their quarters, even if your farm There are lots of vegetation in it and even if you leave the door open.
As a result, in most cases, to provide sufficient protein levels and balanced nutrient fiber with fiber, we have enough food for the chickens to have a sufficient diet.
For chickens, water should be available 24 hours a day. We can keep stationary utensils in drinking water and drinking water at 2-3 places in the ground.
In the first year, good egg production is approximately 60%. This means that you can get 3 eggs per day with every 5 chickens. When we say everyday, we add 9-10 months of the year (spring, summer and autumn). During most winters, most chickens stop laying eggs.
For any poultry, sunlight is one of the most important factors in egg production. You can open the doors of the door early in the morning and spread their fodder in the sunny part of the ground and bring your chickens in the sun. There are many experienced farmers who collect hundreds of eggs every day without artificial light, but it is true that sometimes artificial light benefits.
Generally, we gather eggs every morning, but we can check eggs even before sleeping in the night. If you leave the eggs for one or more days inside the ridge then the chickens are likely to break it and try to eat. After collecting eggs, we wash the eggs well and keep them in the fridge. It is right to use them within 3 days of getting eggs. In general, most chickens stop eggs when they are 3-4 years old at a good rate.
Diseases in Poultry Farming
Always inspect our chickens for unusual behavior or signs of illness. We should remove aggressive, sick or injured chickens immediately. Those chickens which have the tendency to eat eggs should also be removed, because sometimes the rest of the poultry will start mimicking their behavior.
Generally, if the hunger of our chickens is lost, they sleep all day, coughs, shakes their head, they have difficulty breathing or sudden changes in their skin color, Any licensed veterinarian should be called.
Fox pox, botulism and foul cholera are also common diseases of chickens.
Cleaning up the poultry waste
Cleaning poultry waste from your farm and farm is important for healthy and growing chickens. It is most important part in poultry farming. We should remove their wasteways from the shovel every day, because flies and insects can come from its stench. Sand is also a good solution to reduce odor inside the darbah. Farmers should find out the ways that they can take advantage of the waste of chickens.
As such, they can be used as crops for manure (after leaving it for a few months to be disintegrated). After decomposition, the waste of chickens works very well for vegetables, drugs, trees and other crops. In addition to making soil better in many ways, it also provides nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Keep in mind that you can collect poultry beds (sand, pallet, wooden peels) along with chickens’ waste and keep them all above a composting bin.