Natural Resources of India

Natural Resources of India: Natural Resources include forest, animal, minerals, ore and energy like petroleum coal etc.

India has a huge number of Natural Resources. Nature has provided resources surrounding us.

These are gift of nature for human being. Natural resources are in different forms it may be solid, liquid or gas. It may be organic or inorganic, renewable or non-renewalbe, metallic or non-metallic.

Natural Resources of India

Natural resources is an important element of nature that has utility for all living things like human, plant, animal etc.

India has a wide range of minerals and Natural Resources. India is industrial developing country because of minerals that present almost all part of India.

Natural resources of India

Iron, Magnese, Chromite widely distributed over India and other metallic minerals like copper, bauxite, lead, zinc, gold, silver, fuel minerals like coal, petroleum, natural gas are occur in India other non metallic and nonfuel minerals are mica, gypsum, graphite, diomond, limestone, rock phosphate, dolomite, ceramic clay, fluorspar etc are Etty he many minerals that occur in Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Orissa, Gujarat, Assam.

There are some “natural resources of India” :-

1. Forest Resources

2. Water Resources

3. Natural Gas

4. Land Resources

5. Mineral Resources

1. Forest Resources

Forest is the important ‘natural resources of India‘ which helps in the economic development. In India about 21 % of land comes under forest. Forest provide a large number of row material like paper, furniture, rayon, matchbox, timber, etc.

Forest are also the richest source for the valuable plants like medicine, spices, bamboo, gum, lac etc.
Forest play a very important role in balancing the ecosystem and environment from soil erosion to Wildlife protection, industrial row material, water sheds, balance the nature.

Total area of forest is about 21 % of total geographical area, that area is continuously decreases due to deforestation year after year.

Forest area is concentrated in the Indian state like Assam, Jharkhand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh but in the Northern India there is a need to develop the forest are percentage.

2. Water Resources

A vital natural resources of India is very essential for multi-purpose like drinking, agriculture irrigation, power generation, transportation, industrial use, household use. All the living things needed water to survive.

India ranking top ten richest country 4% of world’s freshwater resources.

In India river has been a lifeline of culture and growth. India has 12 major river system which include of smaller River and steams.

Major river system of India are perennial Himalayan rivers like Ganga, Indus, Yamuna, Brahmaputra,in the south Krishna, Godavari, Kaveri, while in central India Narmada, Mahanadi and Tapti.

The ganga-brahmaputra and the Indus river drain almost half of the country which carry 40% of surface water.

Other then rivers, India has the most number of lakes. Some lakes are natural and some are artificial. Lakes serves as the source of irrigation water, drinking water and for industries.

Groundwater in India vary from region to region, some of the part in India has a good groundwater level butchered are some regions where groundwater level in very low. In India about 80 % of irrigation water and 95 % of drinking water come from groundwater.

3. Natural Gas

Natural Gas is a mixture of different gases which is rich in hydrocarbon and the other gases like methene, carbon dioxide, nitrogen etc.

Natural gas is used as fuel for generating heat and electricity. It is also used for making fertilizer.

India has 1437 billion cubic meter of Natural gas in (2010). Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Mumbai high complex, Gujarat state are the major producer of Natural gas.

Natural Gas is one of the cleanest fuel which include less carbondioxde per joule. The Natural Gas available in India can we classified into two categories (a) Domestic Natural gas (b) Imported Re-gasified Liquefiled natural gas.

4. Land Resources

In natural resources of India, Our country rank 7th in the world in term of area. India has the total area of 32,87,26 sq.km. which is 2.42% of total area of the world.

Cultivation area in India is 97 % other 21% comes under the forest, 9 % comes on the fallow land. India posses less area percentage only 2.4% as compare to its population.

5. Mineral Resources

The term Minerals refer to a wide range of materials obtained from the earth.

Categories of Minerals –

None metallic minerals (diamond, graphite etc)

Metallica minerals (bauxite, copper etc)

Energy generator minerals (oil, petroleum, coal etc)

• None metallic minerals

Diamond :- Diamond found in 3 different type of geographical region such as pipes kimberilite, alluvial gravels and conglomerate beds. In India panna belt (Madhya Pradesh) is the diamond bearing area.

Other than this, the gravels of Krishna river, wajrakam kimberlite pipe in anantapur, munimadugu-banganapalle conglomerate in kurnool is the diamond bearing area.

Graphite :- Orisaa is the largest producer of graphite. The In-situ reserve of graphite is 16 million tons.

Graphite also occur in Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

• Metallic Minerals

Bauxite ore (aluminum) :- The total in-situ reserve of bauxite is 3.076 million tons. The conditional reserve of bauxite are 5,99,780 tonns in india. Orissa, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat are the major state of bauxite production.

Copper :- Cooper is metallic minerals which is found Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Gold :- The total In-situ reserve of gold is about 22.4 million tons with 116.50 tons of metal.

There are three major gold field in India Kolal gold field, Hutti gold field (both in karnataka) and Ramgiri in Andhra Pradesh.

Iron ore :- The total in-situ reserve of Iro one in India is about 1,23,17,275 thousand tons of hematite and about 53,95,214 thousand tons of megnetite.

The main Iron-ore resources are located in Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nada, Andra Pradesh, Karnataka and Goa.

• Energy generatic minerals

Coal :- coal is the most powerful natural resource of India. It is used for generation of power, to supply in industry are well as in the domestic need. Around 67 % of total commercial coal energy produced.

It is also called ‘black Gold’.

Major coal areas are the Domodar valley coalfield (Jharkhand & west bengal). It is the largest coalfield in India, The Son Valley coalfield (Madhya Pradesh & Utter Pradesh), The Mahanadi coalfield (Chattisgarh & Orissa).

Oil :- India had about 750 million metric tons of proven oil reserves (2014) which is the largest amount in the Asia. Most of the crude oil reserves are located on the Mumbai high and northeastern part of country. India produced about 33.69 million metric ton of crude oil in 2010.

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