Goat farming is a profitable business. Good profit can be earned through this business. Goat rearing can be done very easily with agriculture. There are many farmers who work in agriculture along with animal husbandry. This form can be started by any person with the help of some simple procedures.
In any case there are breeds of goat, barbari and black Bengal etc. But here, in the state of drought, the goats of the country and barbari breed follow, which are easily managed.
- Osmanabadi Goat: This breed of goat is used for both milk and meat. This goat’s goat is found in Maharashtra. Generally the goat’s goat performs reproduction twice a year. Twins or triplets (together with three) children may also be received during this reproduction process. In the instant time, the price of Osmanabad goat is Rs. 260 per kg and goat is worth 300 rupees per kg.
- Jamunaapari goat: The gooseberry goats are much better in milk case. The goat’s goat gives better milk than other breed goats. It is a breed of Uttar Pradesh. The goat of this breed is reproduced only once a year. Also, the coincidence of twins born this goat is quite small. The price of this breed goat is Rs 300 per kg and goat is worth Rs 400 per kg.
- Beetle goat: Goat of this breed is found in Punjab and Haryana. This goat is good enough to give milk after Jamuna Parari. Therefore it is used for milk. The goat’s goat is relatively more likely to be born of twins. The price of this breed goat is Rs 200 per kg and goat price is 250 per kg.
- Shiro Goat: This goat breed is used to obtain both milk and meat. It is a Rajasthani breed. Generally, the goats of this breed perform reproduction twice a year. The kidneys of this breed are less likely to have twins. The value of this breed goat is Rs 325 per kg and goat is worth Rs 400 per kg.
- African Bore: Goat goats of this kind are used to obtain meat. The special feature of the goat of this breed is that its weight increases significantly in a short period of time, hence the benefit is greater. Also, goats of this breed often produce twins. For this reason, the demand for goats of African Bore breed in the market is high. The price of this breed goat is Rs 350 per kg to Rs 1,500 per kg and goat is worth Rs 700 per kg to Rs 3,500 per kg.
Process in goat farming
There is no need to separate a sheltered place to support the goat. Keep them at home. If the goat rearing work is done on a large scale, then it is necessary to make separate fencing for it.
Most people in Bundelkhand region work with goose rearing with farming farmers. In such a situation, these goats roam in fields and forests and easily get their food. Therefore, arrangements of dana-husk etc. have to be done in very small amounts for them.
It is noteworthy that in addition to the native goats, if there are goats of Barbari, Jamuna Parari etc., then they have to make arrangement of grain, husk and feed, but they are also cheap. From two to five goats, a family is able to easily sow with no additional arrangements.
The women of the house care for the goat and after the meal, the husks are mashed with the left hand. By adding a little beazer grain to the top, their food becomes tasty. Goats need a clean and dry place to live.
The construction of the shed
You have to build the shed at the selected location for goat rearing. When making the shed, keep its height at least 10 feet. Build the shed in such a way that air can come easily.
A goat is in a condition of about one and a half years and the baby gives it in 6-7 months. Often one goat gives two to three children at one go and their number increases by giving them a child twice a year. Sell the child only after one year.
Major diseases in goats
- Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD): Goats often have foot and mouth-related diseases. This disease can be prevented with the help of vaccine. The vaccine of goats is given to the goat in the age of 3 to 4 months. After four months of this vaccine booster is required. This vaccine is repeated at a gap of six months.
- Gut Plague (PPR): The plague is a very dangerous disease for goats. Because of this disease a large number of goats may die. This disease can be prevented with the help of the vaccine. To protect goats from this disease, the first vaccine is given at the age of four months. After this there is a need to give vaccine to goats at intervals of four to four years.
- Getback: Goat Pox is also a very dangerous disease. To protect goats from this disease, goats are required to give vaccine at the age of three to five months for the first time. This vaccine goats need to be given per year.
- Hemorigypticemia (HS): This is not a major disease, however, it still causes significant damage to the goats. The first vaccine to prevent this disease is to be given between 3 to 6 months of goat’s birth. This vaccine is to be given every year. It is advisable to give this vaccine before the monsoon.
- Anthrax: This is a fatal disease, which can also spread between animals. Therefore, prevention of this disease is mandatory. The first vaccination for the prevention of this disease is done in the age of 4 to 6 months of goat. After this the vaccine is required every year.
Precautions for goat rearing
The following precautions have to be taken while keeping the goat in rugged area-
- Due to the population area adjacent to the forest, the fear of wild animals remains intensified, because the place where the goat lives, it smells and smells the smell and wild animals start coming towards the village.
- Goat’s young children have to be protected from dogs.
- A goat is an animal that causes more damage to crops. Therefore, in the event of crop failure in the field, special care has to be made. Otherwise, mutual enmity also increases in the field of food rotation.
Problems in goat farming
Although the goat is the cow of the poor, yet there are many problems in its compliance –
- It is the most difficult to handle goat in the rainy season. Because the goat does not fit in the wet place and at the same time the disease is also very high.
- No one wants to buy it because the goat’s milk is nutritious, due to the fragrance in it. So no value is available to him.
- Goat has to be taken daily to feed the goat. Therefore one person has to stay for the care of him.
- This is a low cost good business, which can be done easily with the goat farming in drought prone areas, which have broadly low profits.
- Cash can be easily earned by selling goats at the time of need.
- There is no technical knowledge required in goat farming to do this business.
- This business spreads very fast. That’s why this business is going to give more profits in less cost.
- The market is available locally for them. Most business people come from the village and buy goats and goats.