Drip system is the advanced method of irrigation, which is used to save the sufficient irrigation water. This method can be adopted for most crops, depending on the type of soil, farm, the sources of water and the efficiency of the farmer.
The irrigation efficiency of the drip method is about 80-90% . With the increase in the yield of crops, this method is used to ensure high quality of yield, efficient utilization of chemicals and nutrients, reduction in irrigation water, reduction of weeds.
The use of this method is increasing day by day. Drip irrigation technology will undoubtedly prove to be very effective in reducing the amount of water resources and day-to-day water uses and environmental problems.
Drip irrigation techniques are most suitable for successfully cultivating commercial crops in the areas where it is expensive to make land and difficult or impossible. The drip apparatus is a more frequent irrigation system in which the water is given around the core areas of the crop.
Through drip irrigation the plant can be burnt as per the requirement. By saving drip irrigation up to 30-40% of the fertilizer, saving upto 70% of water can increase the yield by 100%.
How does drip irrigation works ?
The water and nutrients are spread across the field through pipes known as ‘dripperlines’ and featuring the smaller units called ‘drippers’. The dripper emits drops containing water and nutrients in the uniform application direct to root of each plant in the field.
Advantages of Drip Irrigation
1- Productivity and quality: In the drip irrigation, tree plants get the required amount of water daily. It does not stress on them. As a result both increase in crops and production increases. It is possible to increase the production of fruits, vegetables and other crops by drip irrigation from 20% to 50%.
2- Water: Water irrigation by 30 percent to 60 percent by drip irrigation.
3- Land: Rugged, alkaline, barren land dry cultivation, low leakage of water and low rainfall saline land and seaside land can also be used for cultivation.
4- Chemical compost: Fertigation, nutrients are transmitted directly into the roots of plants, due to which plants can make suitable use of nutrients and the various fertilizers used in the fertilizers used are reduced, thereby increasing the yield. This method can save 30 to 45 percent of chemical fertilizers.
5- Weed: Water is given in drip irrigation directly in the root of the crop. Due to the surrounding soil dryness does not develop unnecessary weeds. This gives all the nutritious elements of the land only to the crop.
6- Impact of pest and disease in the crop: Plant / inline method has healthy growth of plants and plants. There is a lot of potential to fight pests and diseases. There is a decrease in expenditure on pesticides.
7- Expenditure and efficiency of drip irrigation: The use of drip / inline irrigation method can be done better in drying, drilling, digging, etc. due to drying of the rest of the area. Salaries, wages, time and money are saved.
Components for Drip Irrigation
Header assembly means bypass, non-return valve, air release valve etc. Bypass assembly is used to control pressure and speed of drip irrigation.
The dust of the dripers is possible with clay particles, garbage, algae (moss) etc. present in water. This process consists of screen filters, sand filters, sandassers, settling tanks etc.
Hydrocyclon filter should be used when there is sand or soil in the water. If water is algae (moss), plant leaves, wood etc., microbial waste is necessary to provide sand filter. Even if the water is fully clean, the irrigation system should use at least the screen filter.
After opening the backwash with the opening of the lid of the sand filter, it should break the sand properly with the hand inside the filter. Let the water coming from the filter out of the lid. While cleaning the sand from the hand, the contents of the black color inside should not be pushed. It is expected to go into sand screen filter. During this time there was no flow of water by the bypass valve.
Sand filter should be half-sand. When the sand is diminished, the lantern sand filter should be filled up to the label (mark). Sands of sand filters are not sand but sand-shaped specimens made from a specific pattern. Garbage gets stuck in the sand while leaking water from this sand. This process is not done by ordinary sand. Therefore, never use river-drain sand in the sand filter.
The fine waste not filtered by the sand filter is stuck in the screen filter mesh. Gradually the waste of this garbage becomes a layer on the lattice. This creates obstruction in the work of the lattice.
Before cleansing the garment, after removing the rubber seal on both sides, after cleaning it again should be fitted properly on the lattice. Otherwise, without water pressure, the water can flow without water.
Chemicals and fertilizer
Chemical fertilizers can be used by drip irrigation through Venturi, Fertilizer tank and Fertilizer pump.
It is the pressure at the pressure difference. During chemical processing, fertilizers and chemicals can be properly provided by this. With this method liquids can be put in water at a reasonable speed. It can fertilize at 60 to 70 liters per hour.
In this tank, the liquid manure can fill chemical compounds and compost with pressure pressures immediately inside the machine.
The water of Sabman is transported by polytube to the entire field. Every plant is required to place drip above polytube as required.
This drip is the main organ of irrigation. The hourly flow and number of online / inline dripers are determined according to the maximum requirement of crop water. It is advisable to put pressure compression drippers on the rough (fluctuated) ground.
Mini Sprinkler / Jets
With the help of extension tube, they can be mounted on polytube.
Drip irrigation along with fertilization (Fertigation)
Fertigation is made up of two words consisting of fertilizer, i.e. fertilizer and irrigation. Reaching fertilizers as well as fertilizing water in drip irrigation is called fertigation.
In the way drip irrigation, drip water is given by the drippers, the chemical fertilizers can be mixed in irrigation water and transported directly to the plants by the drippers with the help of fertilizer intermittent instrument. Fertigation is the best and the cutting-edge method of delivering fertilizer.
Fertigation is known as good technique for maintaining proper level of fertilizers and water in accordance with crop and soil requirements. Correct coordination of water and nutrients is the key to higher yields and quality.
Fertigation can give the fertilizers in small quantities with pre-irrigated irrigation at the earliest and lesser intervals, so that the plants get nutrients as per the requirement and there is no wastage even by the need for fertilizers.
Generally, liquid fertilizers are used in fertigation, but grains and dry fertilizers can also be given by fertigation. Before fertilization is given to dry fertilizers, the solution is made in water. The rate of dissolution of fertilizers in water depends on their solubility and temperature of water. The fertilizer solution should be filtered before fertigation.
Benefits from Fertigation
• Fertigation ensures regular flow of water and nutrients, which increases the growth rate and quality of plants.
• Fertigation can give nutrients on time as per crop demand.
• Fertigation increases the availability of nutrients and their use by plant roots.
• Fertigation is the world-class and safe method of fertilizer. It does not have the fear of damage to plants roots.
• Water and fertilizer from fertilization do not reach the roots of plants and reach their roots directly, so the weeds grow in small numbers in the middle of the plants.
• Fertigation is not polluting ground water.
• Fertigation can be done gradually by fertilizing the entire growth period of crops without decreasing the production. Fertigation is simpler and more convenient than any other fertilizer-use method, saving time and labor.