Community development programme is a method of the whole development of the entire community in which efforts are made to raise the standard of living of the community through public participation.
Centenary long political supremacy in India had completely eroded the rural life here. Not only did this sense of mutual cooperation and participation completely disappeared during this period, but a firm wall of suspicion was also created between the government and the public.
Referring to the special conditions that existed in Indian society at the time of independence, Taylor made it clear that at the present time, the per capita income in India was so low compared to other countries that millions of people in the absence of food. While death was happening, the percentage of the total population was very different from natural and socially, rural industry was destroyed.
The rigid division of the castes had exacerbated the social structure, due to some 800 languages, the distance between different groups was steadily increasing, the system of traffic and communication was deteriorating and political leadership based on the British rule made any useful changes Completely unable to bring it. “Naturally, in such a situation, social reconstruction without reorganizing India’s rural life To imagine a Brahmin was completely pointless.
About 76% of India’s population lives in villages today. Without effectively addressing the socio-economic problems of such a large part of the population, we can not fulfill the goal of the welfare state in any way. This is the reason why immediately after independence in India, the need for such a great plan was felt that through which the problems of illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, backwardness of agriculture, dirt and stereotype could be addressed in the rural community.
It was necessary for rural development in India to improve the conditions of agriculture, to change the social and economic structure, to improve the conditions of the housing, to provide agricultural land to the farmers, the level of public health and education to be raised and given special protection to the weak people.
In the year 1948, an experimental scheme was executed in the districts of Etawah and Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh, for the first achievement of this great goal. Inspired by its success, in January 1952, an agreement was reached between India and America, under which the financial support of the Ford Foundation of the United States was accepted for the widespread and comprehensive development of rural development in India.
This scheme of rural development was named as ‘Community Development Plan’ and in 1952, the work on this scheme was started by establishing 55 development blocks from Mahatma Gandhi’s birth day 2 October.
Community development programme
The concept of community development can not be understood properly in the field of rural development, by the understanding and meaning of the scheme of this scheme, without the understanding of the meaning of the ‘social community’, the science and the meaning of the science can not be understood by a scheme.
It is in the same way that it is an ideology and structure. It implies that an idea is an program that is a programming and structure.
It can be said in other words in the form of a context that in the context, in the Indian context, the meaning of community development is a method from which the structure of the rural society, the structure of the rural society, the structure of the rural society, the formation of the community, the sense of the leadership and the public-debt of the society, the meaning of community development is the very concept of the community development, the concept of community development is so much comprehensive and complicated that the same is the very high and life.
The condition is the same as the uniqueness. The condition of the public community In this work, the purpose of the movement is done. The definitiveness of this community is a program that has a program The purpose of the movement is to be unable to get the initiative by the community and the public is unable to get the publicity.
The main purpose of this movement is to be unable to get the initiatives to the goal and the public Objectives The purpose of this movement is to be unable to get the initiatives to the goal and the public aims To achieve the world The level of this movement is to be lifted the life-level of the whole community.
In its earliest period, community development programme was affiliated to the Planning Ministry of the Government of India, but after considering its importance and the broad work area, it was attached to a newly created Ministry ‘Community Development Ministry’. At present, this scheme is under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. In fact, the organization and operation of the Community Development Plan is divided from center level to village level.
Objectives of Community Development Programme
The main objective of the community development plan is to develop all-round development of rural life and to demonstrate the path of progress for the rural community and the quality of life of the people. In this way the objective of the Community Development Program is so widespread that it is a difficult task to make any definite list of them. After this, various scholars have mentioned several objectives of community development program on priority basis.
- Changing the mental attitude of the rural masses.
- Develop responsible and skilled leadership in villages.
- Make the entire rural masses self-reliant and progressive.
- To modernize agriculture on one hand to raise the economic level of the rural population and develop rural industries on the other.
- Improving the condition of rural women and families to make these reforms viable.
- Developing the right personality of the youth in the form of future citizens of the nation.
- Safeguarding the interests of rural teachers.
- Protecting the health of the rural community.
Evaluation of the progress of the programme
Looking at all sides of the community development programme in India, often a question arises as to whether the community development program in India has failed? And if so, what are the main reasons? In order to understand the reality of this question, we have to make a fair assessment by keeping in mind the aspect of the plan in mind. In fact, various programs related to various programs related to the community development plan have been evaluated from time to time.
One thing from these studies is certain that this program has circulated awareness towards development in the minds of millions of villagers from the grammar of inferiority complex. To say this program completely unsuccessful from this viewpoint will not be justified.
After this, the amount of money spent on this scheme and our successes were very less in the proportion of the targets set, it was clarified only at the beginning of the scheme that the public interest would be given special importance at each level in this program. But in practice, since the beginning of the scheme, there has been a sudden lack of public participation.
After independence, for the first time, with the development of community development program, giving uniform facilities of development to all the classes and levels, the philosophy of cultural modernization was put forward. The basis of this philosophy was that there should be no discrimination in the field of economic development and social justice, but the reality is that the villagers who have received benefits under this scheme, more than 60 percent of the rural elite area.
This implies that this fundamental principle that this program was initiated did not succeed in giving them practical form.
It was decided in the program that the development of agriculture will be given top priority in the rural community as it can not bring any desired improvement in its quality of life. Its importance was also most essential for the success of various programs under various programs. The reason for this is probably the gross indifference towards the ordinary farmers of the village servants and officers.
In addition to this, failure of this program has proved to be an important factor in the rural experience and lack of vision in the officers and employees associated with the program. Various scholars and evaluation committees have reviewed the scheme on the basis of the conditions. They have clarified on the basis of eight prominent conditions of propesaii.
The nature of this programme is of bureaucratic characteristics.
- Like all administrative orders, all the decisions are summed up from low to low levels.
- There is lack of implementation of basic principles at any level of the organization.
- There is no trust in the mind of the public in relation to the administration of the other government departments.
- It is a big mistake to link the rights and work of employees of different departments with their level and talent.
- There is a lot of duality in the department of administrative workers that due to this the burden of not only work has increased, but also the division of the responsibility of the workers in various activities also could not be done properly.
- There is a huge lack of service-minded workers.
- With the lack of social service skills in the staff, their means are also very limited.
These defects are more related to the draft of the scheme, much less than the efficiency or determination of officials. The reality is that the entire draft of the community development program is mainly related to the public involvement in a broader form.
On the contrary, due to the lack of education and the general apathy of the public, government machinery has not received any significant support from the rural community. From this point of view, Dr. Dubey has mentioned four main drawbacks related to such structure while evaluating the community development plan.
General indifference to most of the rural population
- In the implementation of the scheme, the officers and the outsiders are subject to suspicion and suspicion.
- Failure of the means of communication.
- Impact of Traditions and Cultural Factors.