[ Bsc Agriculture – Introduction, Courses, Career, Admission, Eligibility ]
After 12th pass, the students are very upset about what to do, when you ask someone, most of people give advice on courses like engineering, doctor etc. But you have a better and unique option than this. As you know, the initial needs of any person is food, cloth and house. So if you do any of these courses, you can a good job.
Agricultural history is coming from the Indus Valley civilization in India. Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. India has been an agricultural country.
Even today, more than half of India’s population is linked to the agriculture. That is why India is still second in the field of agriculture in the world. Agriculture and related sectors like forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries, had a share of 13.7% in the 2013 GDP (Gross Domestic Product).
Indian agriculture plays an important role in the Indian economy. As soon as you hear the name of agriculture there is only one thing comes in mind that farmers will be able to read so much? So in this article, i would like to change your thinking that agriculture does not just mean to be a farmer.
What is agriculture?
The word ‘agriculture‘ is a Latin word. It is made up of two words – from ‘Ager’ + ‘Culture’. “Ager” means “soil” and “culture” means “cultivation”.
Bsc Agriculture includes crop production, animal husbandry and dairy science, agricultural chemistry and soil science, horticulture, agricultural economics, agricultural engineering, botanical science, plant pathology, extension education and pesticides. And these courses are also now expanding into their separate branches. There are so many agricultural universities established throughout the country.
Agriculture can be understood as a science, an art and as a business. Agriculture is a mixture of all these.
Science: Because it provides knowledge of reproduction and genetics to a new and improved breed of crops and animals with the help of modern technology.
Art: Because both crops or animal husbandry is an art, how to organize them all, manage them all etc.
Commerce (trade): Because whole agriculture production is linked to the marketing, which questions the profit or loss.
Agriculture is a very comprehensive term in which all aspects of crop production, animal farming, fisheries, forestry, poultry etc. have been included.
Students are prepared for different types of careers by Agriculture Course, which includes Animal Husbandry, Farming, Agricultural Science or Horticulture Management, Breeding of plants and animals. In the BSc Agriculture courses, students learn the basics to higher knowledge of agriculture as well as how to ‘run the business of agriculture’.
Read in order to get the details of what students generally learn in Bsc Agriculture course :-
Agricultural Resource Management Some special areas of study in agriculture
Course Details B.Sc Agriculture
Degree :- Bachelors
Full Form :- Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
Duration :- 4 Years. (8 Semester)
Minimum Percentage :- 45-50%
Subjects Required :- Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Mathematics
Average Fees Incurred :- INR 30,000 – 1 Lakh per semester
Similar Options of Study :- B.Sc (Sericulture), BSc (Forestry), BSc (Horticulture) etc.
Employment Roles :- Scientist, Asst. Scientific Officer, Business Development Executive, Senior Product Manager, Executive Assistant, Area Sales Manager, Relationship Manager, Business Operations Manager, Agriculture officer etc.
Placement Opportunities :- Rallis India Ltd, Syngenta, Institute of Banking Personnel Selection, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) New Delhi, Deendayal Research Institute, NABARD, HPCL Biofuels Limited, NHRDF etc.
This course teaches topics related to forestry, soil and wildlife. Students are given information about energy sources, such as electric motors and compound engines, as well as government rules and programs related to the agriculture.
Horticulture is a science that studies fruits, flowers, medicinal plants, ornamental plants etc and their cultivation process, disease. This course helps students develop skills in plant growth and development.
Agriculture focus on animal science, while focusing on the course, in which it focuses on concentrating on all animals that horses, cows and other farm animals are unique in it. In this course, students can learn about animal development from biological perspective, such as animal products, animal feed and animal breeding, their reproduction. In this animal science course, students also learn current trends in animal industry history, animal diseases and animal husbandry.
Soils and insecticides
To know about the soil and pesticides of agricultural students, the chemical process and effect is explained which elements are good for crop growth, which soil is best for which crops, which soil texture is suitable for which crops. This is a curriculum that is taught in lecture and laboratory so that students can understand things well and develop their skills.
Whether it is made available to farmers or other people in agricultural products, crop or animal food, a strong understanding of food systems and processes is required by everyone. Students in this course study the food system as it relates to the current economy, health factors and regulatory laws.
Career in Agriculture
The demand for trained agricultural experts in the field of agriculture is very high in the agriculture sector in the present time. Agricultural science is one of the preferred choice for agricultural jobs in india.
After doing any course related to agriculture, you can apply for jobs in government and private organizations as well as you can do your own business like dairy farm, fishery farm etc. There are various employment opportunities are available for Agricultural graduate candidates. These field can easily take you to highly paid jobs.
The Agriculture sector provides job opportunities in horticulture, poultry, plant science, soil science, food science, animal science, dairy etc. Horticulture, dairy and poultry farming are included in the areas giving attractive returns in the other agricultural areas.
Own employment opportunities are also available in this area. After completing graduation level education with some experience in this field, you can start your own business like agriculture business, dairy, goat farming, agricultural products shop, agriculture industry etc.
After completing your masters degree in agriculture, you can work as a supervisor, distributor, and researcher.
Fertilizer Sales Representative
Agriculture officer etc
How To Get Admission In B.Sc Agriculture
Admission in Bsc Agriculture includes two process :-
- Direct admission :- on the basis of your 12th %.
- Written examination at the national or state level.
There are some Entrance examination conducted for admission to B.sc in Agriculture:
• ICAR Entrance Exam (ICAR-AIRRA) – It is the national level agriculture entrance exam conducted by Indian Council of Agriculture Research. It covers 15% seats in agricultural universities in the UG program while 100% seats in IVAR deemed to be universities.
• EAMCT – Conducted for the admission in agriculture courses and for the universities in Andhra Pradesh.
• PAU Entrance Exam – It is for the admission in B.sc agriculture in Punjab State conducted by the Punjab Agricultural University.
• KEAM – Conducted for the admission in BSc Agriculture in Kerala.
• IGKV CET – This examination is conducted by Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya for agriculture courses.
• BAU – Birsa Agricultural University Ranchi conducted examination for the admission in BSc agriculture.
Eligiblity For Bsc Agriculture Course :-
The eligibility for Bsc agriculture is as follows. Student must meet all the eligibility criteria for the admission.
12th science stream with physics, chemistry and biology or mathematics.
Must have passed 12th from a recognized board.
Minimum marks criteria is 45 to 50% marks.