Apiculture (Beekeeping) is such a business that is benefiting human beings, it is a low cost home industry that has the potential to keep income, employment and environment pure. It is an employment which can be benefitted by people of every section of society. is. Apiculture also has the ability to increase agricultural and horticultural production.
Bees are the wild creatures of pests in the mon community, they are known as apiculture or silence for their growth by cultivating them in the artificial planets (hive) of their habits and obtaining honey and bees.
Other than honey and wax, such as gum (Propolis, royal jelly, sting-poison) is also obtained. Along with bees, due to the presence of flowers in flowers, there is an increase of about one fourth additional increase in the yield of crops.
In a family there is a queen of several thousand cameras and 100-200 males.
Rani: It is a fully grown female and the mother of the family. The job of the queen bee is to lay eggs in a good nutrition environment, the Queen of an Italian breed gives 1500-1800 eggs in one day. And the native fly gives around 700-1000 eggs. It has an average age of 2-3 years.
Kameri / Worker: It is an incomplete female and all activities of the museum such as nurturing eggs, fruit and Detecting water sources, collecting pollen and juice, caring for families and roofs, protecting them from enemies etc. It is about 2-3 months old.
Male bee / nikhattu: It is bigger than queen and smaller than kameri. Rani bee does not do anything except sexual intercourse, she dies immediately after sexual intercourse and her average age is about 60 days.
Type of bees
There are four species of bee mainly found in India: –
Little bee (Apis Floriae), Bhairro or hill bee (Apis dorsatata), native bee (Apis sirana indica) and Italian or European bee (Apis melifera).
Essential materials for Apiculture
Silent patrika, honey extraction machine, stand, shading knife, chhathadar, queen stop sheet, highway tool (kurpi), queen stop door, mask, queen corps protection device, gloves, food vessel, smoke and brush.
Proper maintenance and management of bee family
General activities of bee families are between 100 and 380 centigrade, proper management is essential in their adverse circumstances. With utmost care, the family can be kept powerful and active.
The Bee family is suffering from various types of diseases and enemies from time to time. Keeping in mind these situations, which should be diagnosed by proper management, the following should be done as annual management.
Managing of Madhuvatika in the fall: Specially it gets more frost in the autumn season, so that the temperature sometimes goes from 10 or 20 centigrade to low. In such a case, it is necessary to protect the silent clan from the winter. In order to avoid winter, the monkeys should be made two layers of sack of sack and placed under the inner lid.
This work should be done in October. This keeps the temperature of the muted house warm. If possible it should cover the entire box except the entrance to the polythene. Or cover the boxes by making hay pallets or pavilions made of staples.
Quiet Managers in Spring: Spring is considered to be the best for bees and silent Palco. At this time, pollen and apricots are available in adequate amounts in all the places, thus doubling the number of silence. As a result, honey production is also increased.
At this time the need of maintenance is as much as it is in other seasons, when the end of the autumn, gradually the packing of silent house (tat, bandage, and rabbit roofing etc.) should be removed. Emptying the silent houses should clean them well and clean them well.
If the silence on the bottom should be properly scraped, then 500 grams should be used in cracks so that the mite can be killed. Silent houses should be applied with white paint from outside. The temperature of silent houses could be reduced in the coming summer.
Silence management in summer: Morning sightings are more important in the summer, in areas where the temperature is reaching 400 centigrade above. There, silence houses should be kept in a shady place. But it is necessary to position the sunlight in the morning sunshine, so that the bees can start functioning from the morning and start doing their work.
At this time some places where bursim, sunflower etc. are cultivated. There may also be a time of midwife. Thereby honey can be provided. At this time bees need clean and flowing water.
Silence management in the rainy season: In the rainy season, there is strong rain, wind and ants like enemies, mummy mite, there is an outbreak of birds, to prevent the outbreaks of mummy kites, remove the roof and clean the floor board and prevent sieve powder sprayed chita.P
Bee family transfers
Keep the following tips while transferring a bee family –
1– Ensure the place of transfer already.
2– If you are on the move instead of transfer, arrange adequate food arrangements in the house.
3– Put an iron net on the entrance door and if there is more honey in the roofs, then remove it and seal the boxes with a sack and seal it.
4– Keep the boxes in the direction of the length of the cart and take less shocks in the transport so that there is no damage to the hive.
5– During the transfer of heat, sprinkle water on boxes and do the same at the time of travel.
6– Place the box at a distance of 8-10 feet and place the mouth east-west direction on the new place.
7– Do not inspect the boxes on the first day. After the second day, the flies should be checked and cleaned.
Meals of Bees
January: Mustard, Pomegranate, Kusum, Chana, Peas, Rajma, Pomegranate, Guava, Cutlery, Eucalyptus etc.
February: Mustard, chopped, safflower, gram, peas, rajma, pomegranate, guava, jackfruit, eucalyptus, onion, coriander, rosewood etc.
March: Kusum, Sunflower, Linseed, Bursim, Arhar, Fenugreek, Peas, Bhindi, Coriander, Amla, Nimbo, Wild Jalebi, Sheesham, Eucalyptus, Neem etc.
April: Sunflower, Barshim, Ardi, Ramil, Bhindi, Chilli, Bean, Watermelon, Melon, Bitter gourd, Loki, Jamun, Neem, Amalatas etc.
May: Sesame, maize, sunflower, bursim, watermelon, melon, cucumber, bitter gourd, loci, tamarind, pumpkin, kananj, arjun, amalatas etc.
June: Sesame, maize, sunflower, bursim, watermelon, melon, cucumber, bitter gourd, loci, tamarind, pumpkin, babul, arjun, amalatas etc.
July: Jowar, Mecca, Bajra, Karela, Khira, Loki, Bhindi, Papaya etc.
August: Jowar, Maize, Siyabin, Mung, Paddy, Tomato, Babul, Amla, Kankar, Khira, Bhindi, Papaya etc.
September: Market, Sanai, Arhar, Soyabean, Mung, Paddy, Rattal, Tomato, Barbati, Bhindi, Kanchar, Berar etc.
October: Sanai, Arhar, Paddy, Arndi, Ramadil, Eucalyptus, Kachanar, Plum, Acacia etc.
November: Mustards, loops, peas, guava, silk, berries, bottle brush etc.
December: Mustards, loops, mustard, gram, peas, eucalyptus, guava etc.
Diseases of bees, its enemies and prevention
European Faulbread: This is an infectious disease caused by a bacterial malisococcal pluton. Its color is dark and there is no adult fly. For identifying this disease, a sculpted structure of a dead body is pressed into the body of the dead timber, and then a banyanuma structure is formed after pulling it towards the blossom. On the basis of which the disease can be identified.
Prevention: The affected offs should be separated from the Madhu Vatika, and the frames of affected offspring and other similar contact should not be allowed from any other healthy descent. The affected silent descendants should make the queen desolate. And after a few months the queen should be given.
The infected roofs should not be used. Rather, they should be melted to make wax, 240 gm of terramicin in the infected family. Oxytatyclynin 3..25 mg with 5 liters of sugar per volume. Per gallon should be given accordingly.
Nosema disease: This is caused by a protozoan nosemia apis. This disease worsens the identification system of honeybees in apiculture. The diseased bees prefer to collect only the spiders than pollen. Rani produces male members and can die after some time. When symptoms like pain, exhaustion, crawling and forming outside groups in bees should be considered outbreaks.
Prevention: 0-5 to 3 mg of fumigiline-B Amount per 100 ml Should be mixed with the solution. ViciCalo Hexol Ammonium Pumijil is also an effective drug.
Sacberab: This disease is found in abundance in Indian silent species. It is a viral disease that spreads through infection. In the cells of infected clan, blacks die in open state, or two holes are formed in the closed cells, the color of the dumplock that is associated with it becomes light yellow and finally it becomes a thalloid shape.
Prevention: Once infection with this bimari becomes very difficult, it becomes very difficult. There is no effective use of it, the affected offs should be removed from the honey bean after infection. And any parts of the mangridge used in the infected families should not be taken away from other groups.
The offspring should be deserted for some time. 250m of Terramicin G. The disease is controlled if it is fed together in the solution of 4 liters of sugar per volume. Seriously affecting the affected offspring should be destroyed.
Ants: Their fury is higher in summer and in the year when their descendants are weak then their loss increases. To protect them, fill the water in the beds of kerosene and put some drop kerosene oil to it. Thereby preventing the chantio from climbing the silent houses.